There are different types of water pumps and if you’re looking to buy one, it’s necessary to familiarize yourself with the options available before making a decision. There are many water pump manufacturers to choose from as well, so if you’re not really sure which product to pick, it can get a little overwhelming. Hopefully, this quick guide can point you in the right direction.
Types of Water Pumps
Each type of water pump has a special purpose, as shown below:
- Well pumps: This type of pump pushes water through the pipes that connect to your home. Well pumps enable you to choose the amount of horsepower that will fit your needs.
- Pressure tanks: This one regulates water pressure as it enters your home. It is best suited for areas that have all 4 seasons since seasonal changes can affect the pressure of your water.
- Sump pumps: This one is the ideal solution for removing excess water due to floods, melting snow and rain. The sump pump is usually installed in the basement. A submersible sump pump can deal with large amounts of water and be immersed in water without you worrying about the hazards of electrical shortages.
Water Pump Categories
There are only 2 basic categories of water pumps: centrifugal pumps and positive displacement design.
- Centrifugal Pumps: This type utilizes a rotating impeller to transport water through the pump. The benefits of this type of water pump include continuous pressure, good water pressure, it comes with a fire protection system, and it’s perfect for hot water circulation.
- Positive Displacement Design Pumps: This type of water pump provides a fixed amount of water flow. Its main advantage is that it’s highly efficient, enabling you to save money on utility expenses.
Maintaining Your Water Pump
If you want your water pump to work properly and last for a long time, you’ll need to maintain it regularly. Here’s a checklist that you can refer to in order to ensure optimum and long-lasting performance:
Always double-check your water pump to make sure that its speed matches the output (in horsepower). You should also make it a point to check for leaks, breakage or any signs of deterioration.
This is basically a set of procedures that will safeguard against water pump damage. First, check and repair seals. Then make sure to lubricate bearings according to the manufacturer’s specifications. You should also confirm that the water pump is attached securely on the base and tweak the motor couplings so the output or transfer becomes efficient.
If you are familiar with how water pumps work, generally you can do the monthly and daily maintenance on your own. However, the yearly maintenance is best left to a qualified professional. They are trained to do this job and can also spot issues that are otherwise invisible to others.
Take these things into consideration when shopping for a water pump for your home.